ACTIONS IN SPORTS — Действия в спорте


After throwing the ball up in the air while serving, the player’s feet must not come down inside the line of the tennis court until he or she has hit the ball. As soon as the ball hits the tennis racquet, however, the server can run into the court ready to receive the return.


When there is a penalty, the goalkeeper must have both feet on the goal line and must not move until the player taking the penalty kicks the ball. If the goalkeeper starts to dive before the ball is touched, then the penalty has to be taken again.

A penalty is a kick that a player takes from 11 metres in front of the goal after a foul has been committed inside the penalty area.


When the quarterback passes the ball to one of his players, the player on the other team who is trying to stop the receiver from catching the ball is not allowed to tackle the receiver until the ball touches the receiver’s hands. If he tackles too early, he has committed a foul, and the referee stops the game. The again play begins where the foul took place.

A quarterback and a receiver are players in an American football team.


After a player shoots the ball nobody is allowed to jump and stop the ball from going into the basket if the ball is on its way down into the basket. If this happens, even though the ball has not gone into the basket the shooting team scores two points.


to serve [sə:v] — подавать мяч (в теннисе и т. п)

kick [кик] — удар мячом (футбол)

to commit a foul [faul] — нарушить правила игры quarterback [‘kwɔ:təbæk] — защитник (в американском футболе)

receiver [rɪ’si:yə] — игрок, который принимает (мяч)

to tackle [tækl] — перехватывать, отбирать мяч

to score [skɔ:] a point — выигрывать очко


I. In which sports…?

1) do you pass a ball from one player to another? (tennis)

2) do you hit a ball (but not with hands or feel)? (football)

3) do your score goals? (table tennis)

4) do you have to jump to catch the ball? (golf)

5) do you have to serve? (basketball)

6) do you have to shoot? (volleyball)

7) do you win by having the lowest score? (american football)

8) do you have to tackle? (american football)

II.Think about…

1. Think of your favourite sport. Are there any rules you would like to change? What are they and why?

2. Think of a particular sport and describe the qualities that a good player of that sport needs to have?


1. True or false? If false, the correct sentence to make it true.

1. The people who watch a football match are the audience.

2. The official who gives the score in tennis is the umpire.

3. Athletes wear shorts.

4. You need a stick to play hockey.

5. Boxers wear gloves.

6. Tennis is played on a pitch.

7. The referee in football has a whistle.

8. Women wear trunks for swimming.

2. Answer these questions. If possible, ask a friend the same questions.

1. Are there any games or sports that you watch but don’t play? If so, what are they and where do you watch them ?

2. Are there any games or sports you play/do yourself? If so, which ?

3. Are there any that you are good at?

4. Are there any that you hate?

5. Are there any that are not played much in your country?

6. Which game or sport is the most popular in your country?

7. Which game or sport is the most dangerous in your opinion ?

8. Which game or sport requires the most strength ?

3. Which sport is being described in each sentence? ( The underlined words are key words and you can look them up to increase your vocabulary in different sports.) Use the following words: athletics, rugby, tennis, football, swimming, basketball, motor racing.

1. The referee gave the try although many people thought it was a forward pass.

2. He scored the winner with a beautiful free kick from just outside the penalty area.

3. He served fifteen aces and not one double fault.

4. The coach called a time out with just 45 seconds left and two points between the teams.

5. He crashed into the car in front with just two laps remaining.

6. First he was booked (= the yellow card) for a bad tackle . and then he handled the ball inside the penalty area so the referee had to send him off (= the red card).

7. In the 200 metres freestyle, he overtook the Russian on the final length to win the race.

8. She sprinted away from the rest of the field on the final lap and won easily.

Действия в спорте


При подаче, посылая мяч в воздух, игрок не должен переступать ногой линию теннисного корта, пока не ударил по мячу. Однако, после удара по

г‘ячу теннисной ракеткой, тот, кто подает, может забегать на корт, чтобы быть готовым для приема мяча.


Во время пенальти вратарь должен стоять обеими ногами на линии ворот и не двигаться, пока игрок бьет штрафной, не ударит по мячу. Если вратарь делает рывок раньше, чем игрок коснулся мяча, то штрафной бьют снова.

Пенальти — это 11-метровый штрафной удар мячом по воротам, игрок делает после нарушения правил игры в штрафной площадке.

Американский футбол

Когда защитник передает мяч одному из игроков своей команды игроку другой команды, который пытается воспрепятствовать тому, кто принимает мяч, поймать его, не разрешается перехватывать мяч до тех пор, пока мяча не коснется рука того, кто его ловит. Если он перехватывает мяч слишком рано, он нарушает правила, и судья останавливает игру. Продолжается игра с того места, где произошло нарушение ее правил.

Игроками в американской футбольной команде есть защитник и тот, кто принимает мяч.


После того, как игрок бросил мяч, никому не разрешается прыгать и не давать мячу попасть в корзину. Если это произошло, даже когда мяч не попал в корзину, нападающая команда выигрывает два очка.

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