CLOTHES — Одежда

Not so long ago, nearly all schoolchildren went to school wearing a school uniform. Boys wore a white shirt and a tie, a dark jacket, grey trousers, and black shoes. Girls used to wear a white blouse and a dark, knee-length skirt.

Today in many countries students have a very different kind of uniform. They wear tennis shoes, jeans, and T-shirts. On a hot day students might even come to class in a pair of shorts. Teachers in the past would never have allowed these students into their class.

Then the men teachers used to wear a suit and tie and most women teachers wore a dress or skirt. But when you look inside a classroom today, it is sometimes difficult to tell who is the teacher and who are the students!

People from hot sunny countries often find it difficult to imagine how people who live in a very cold climate can live and work in the winter months. These people manage because they know what to wear in the cold. First, it is very important to keep your head, hands, and feet warm. So everyone has a hat, thick gloves to keep their hands warm, and a pair of long socks and strong boots for their feet. Of course, you have to have a heavy overcoat and you should wear a thick woolly sweater under it. A scarf around the neck also helps to keep out the cold. What you wear under your clothes is important, too. People who live in cold climate always wear thick underwear.

VOCABULARY

shirt [ʃə:t] — рубашка

tie [taɪ] — галстук, галстук

jacket [‘dʒækɪt] — пиджак, куртка

trousers [‘trauzəz] — брюки, брюки

skirt [skə:t] — юбка

shorts [ʃɔ:ts] — шорты

to allow [ə’lau] — позволять; допускать

to imagine [ɪ’mædʒɪn] — представлять себе; думать, полагать; предполагать

gloves [glʌvz] — перчатки

woolly [‘wulr] — шерстяной

underwear [‘ʌndəwɛə] — нижнее белье

QUESTIONS

1. How does a typical businessman/woman dress in your country?

2. What do schoolchildren usually wear in your country?

3. What clothes do you wear when it is very cold?

4. What clothes do you wear when it is very wet?

5. What clothes do you wear when it is very hot?

6. Describe the traditional clothes or national costume of your country.

EXERCISES

I. Finish this sentence with six different items of clothes.

I need a pair of ………

II. Find a logical order for these sentences.

1. He took off his trousers.

2. He put his shoes back on.

3. He tried on the suit.

4. He went into the changing room.

5. He took it off.

6. He paid for the suit.

7. He took off his shoes.

8. He went back to the sales assistant.

9. He put his trousers on again.

III. Fill the gaps with suitable words. (More than one answer may be possible in some cases.)

1. She decided to wear a…….. and a…….. instead of a

dress.

2. I tried on a……..; the jacket was fine but the…….. were

too short.

3. It was hot in the office, so I took off my jacket and……..,

and rolled up the sleeves of my………

4. I wanted to buy the jacket, but unfortunately the one I

tried on wasn’t big…….. and they didn’t have it in a

bigger………

5. I also wanted a new jumper, but unfortunately the medium

size was…….. big and the small size wasn Й big………

IV. Write down:

a) five things usually worn by women only; and five things worn by men and women;

b) a list of clothes you like and don’t like wearing;

c) five more items of clothing you have at home in your wardrobe / chest of drawers.

Одежда

Не так уж и давно почти все школьники ходили в школу в школьной форме. Мальчики носили белую рубашку и галстук, темный пиджак, серые брюки и черные ботинки. Девочки надевали белую блузку и темную юбку до колен.

Сегодня во многих странах ученики имеют совсем другую униформу. Они носят кроссовки, джинсы и футболки. Знойного дня ученики могут даже прийти в класс в шортах. Раньше учителя никогда бы не позволили им зайти в класс. Тогда мужчины-учителя носили костюм и Галстук, а большинство женщин учителей — платье или юбку. Но если заглянуть в класс сегодня, иногда трудно сказать, кто учитель, а кто ученики!

Жителям жаркий солнечных стран часто трудно представить себе, как люди, которые живут в холодном климате, могут жить и работать в зимние месяцы. Людям

это удается, потому что они знают, что надевать в холод. Во-первых, очень важно держать голову, руки и ноги в тепле. Поэтому у каждого есть шапка, толстые рукавицы, чтобы согревать руки, и пара длинных носков и прочных сапог на ноги. Конечно, вам нужно иметь теплое пальто и толстый шерстяной свитер под ним. Шарф вокруг шеи также поможет спастись от холода. Важно также, что вы надеваете под одежду. Люди, которые живут в холодном климате, всегда носят плотную белизну.

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