Читаем и пишем грамотно по-английски. 3 класс. Чимирис Ю.В.

Читаем и пишем грамотно по-английски. 3 класс. Книга разделена на блоки, каждый из которых содержит основные правила, подробные примеры и тренировочные упражнения. В пособии также имеются ключи к заданиям. Книга предназначена для учеников младших классов, их родителей и учителей. Данное практическое пособие охватывает все темы, которые предусмотрены программой по английскому языку и знание которых необходимо для развития навыков чтения и грамотного письма.

Читаем и пишем грамотно по-английски. 3 класс. Чимирис Ю.В.

Описание учебника

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
Чтение 4
Буквосочетания TION, SION 4
Буквосочетания KN, MB, SURE 6
Скороговорки 8
Диалоги 11
Тексты 13
Грамматика 15
Структура THERE IS / THERE ARE 15
Модальный глагол MUST 20
Модальный глагол MAY 23
Исчисляемые и неисчисляемые существительные 26
Настоящее длительное время (утвердительные предложения) 28
Настоящее длительное время (отрицательные предложения) 32
Настоящее длительное время (вопросительные предложения) 34
Предлоги времени, места и направления 37
Обозначение времени в часах и минутах 40
Ключи 43
I | II I I 1| 1 I i| I
Среди предлогов направления распространёнными являются up — по, вверх по и down — по, вниз по. Следует запомнить такие выражения: over the bridge — через мост; over the fence — через забор; sit down — садиться; stand up — вставать; get up — вставать (просыпаться).
She is going up the stairs. — Она поднимается (вверх) по лестнице.
They live down the street. — Они живут дальше по улице.
I. Заполни пропуски предлогами before или after. 1. Не usually brushes teeth [У] he goes to bed. 2. She often goes home with her classmates [f\ the lessons. 3.1 always wash my hands [f\ breakfast, dinner and supper. 4. They often eat candies and ice cream [7] dinner. 5. We always get the hornet ask [f\ we go home from school. 6. Pupils often play football [?] classes. 7. My mother usually gives me sandwiches \J] I go to school. 8.1 always help my mum to wash the dishes [?] dinner and supper.
Заполни пропуски предлогами across или over. 1. A nice lady and a young man are going IT] the street.
2. An old woman is going [?] the bridge. 3. There is a nice
the ocean
house [У] the river. 4. The plane is flying now. 5. There is a book shop Г?1 the road, we can go there.
6. A cat is climbing Щ the fence and a bird is flying [?] the garden.
Спиши, раскрывая скобки. 1. Stand (over / across / up) and go to the blackboard, please. 2. My dream is to sail (before / across / after) the sea. 3. I must read the text (over / up / before) I can go for a walk with my friends. 4. Sit (up / down / across) and open your books, please. 5. The car is going (over / after / before) the bridge. 6. A boy is running (over / down / before) the stairs. 7. You must be attentive when you go (after / before / across) the road. 8. He doesn’t like to get (down / up / after) early in the morning.
Ч, Дополни предложения информацией о себе. 1. Before the lessons start I usually
? . 2. After the
lessons my classmates usually 3. I always [?] before I go to bed. 4. I often |T| after the dinner.
ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЕ ВРЕМЕНИ В ЧАСАХ И МИНУТАХ
В английском языке существуют чёткие правила, позволяющие сказать, который час.
1. Время в часах исчисляется от 1 до 12. Чтобы обозначить время суток, на письме употребляют такие сокращения:
a. m. (ante meridiem) — до полудня — с 12 часов
ночи до 12 часов дня;
р. т. (post meridiem) — после полудня —
с 12 часов дня до 12 часов ночи. В разговорной речи а. т. можно заменить на выражение in the morning — утра, а р. т. — на in the afternoon — дня и in the evening — вечера.
2. Ответ на вопрос What time is it? — Который час? следует начинать с It is.
3. В устной и письменной речи слово час переводится как o’clock, но оно употребляется только тогда, когда речь идёт о целом количестве часов. Когда говорят о часах с минутами, слово o’clock опускают.
4. Час условно делится на две половины по 30 минут (полчаса). Если нужно обозначить коли-
чество минут до половины часа включительно, употребляют предлог past — после, то есть мы говорим, сколько прошло минут после какого-то часа. Для указания времени после половины часа употребляется предлог to — до, то есть мы говорим, сколько осталось минут до следующего часа. Половина часа обозначается словом half, которое употребляется без артикля.
Существует также понятие четверть часа — quarter. Оно всегда употребляется с неопределённым артиклем а. Если после какого-то часа прошло 15 минут, то мы говорим It’s a quarter past…, а если до следующего часа осталось 15 минут, то говорим It’s a quarter to…
11.10 It is ten minutes past eleven. — Одиннадцать часов десять минут. / Десять минут двенадцатого. 12.40 It’s twenty minutes to one. — Без двадцати минут час.
9.55 It is five minutes to ten. — Без пяти десять. 1.15 It’s a quarter past one. — Четверть второго. 2.30 It’s half past two. — Половина третьего.

Прочитай. В каждом предложении найди одну ошибку и исправь её. 1. It a quarter to five now. 2. It is twenty minutes six past now. 3. It’s half to eleven now. 4. It are twenty four minutes to nine now. 5. It’s is fourteen minutes past ten now. 6. Is twelve minutes to twelve now.

Буквосочетания TION, SION
2. Сверху вниз: dictation, mission, information, action, attention, translation, station, profession.
4. 1. profession. 2. dictation. 3. Attention. 4. traditions. 5. station. 6. information.
Буквосочетания КІМ, MB, SURE
2. Сверху вниз: knee, tomb, know, knock, climb, lamb, pleasure, dumb.
4. House, my, like, often, but, after, down.
Скороговорки
3. Сверху вниз: late, time, try, clock, note, take.
4. 1. pupil. 2. Sochi. 3. house. 4. large, nice. 5. carpet. 6. room.
Диалоги
2. — Hello, Peter! — Hi, Ben! How are you? — I’m fine, thanks. I have got a ball, let’s go and play in the yard. — Sorry, I can’t play now. I must do my homework. — Ok. Then let’s play when you finish. — Oh, great! Thank you, Ben. — Bye, Peter.
3. Good morning, teacher! Denis is absent today. Yes, he is. Yes, we are.
Тексты
2. 1. swimming. 2. fourteen, champion. 3. every day. 4. kind of sport. 5. four hours. 6. after trainings. 7. every winter and summer. 8. support him.
3. 1. live. 2. visit. 3. house. 4. works. 5. food. 6. garden.
Структура THERE IS / THERE ARE
2. 1. There are two bikes and a car in the garage. 2. There is a red hat and a yellow scarf on the chair. 3. There are twelve hats, six caps and nine bags in the shop. 4. There is a boy and his father in the house. 5. There is a little kitten on the floor. 6. There are twenty girls at school. 7. There are many forests and rivers in Russia. 8. There is a lake near the house. 9. There is a grandmother and a grandfather in the garden. 10. There are cups and plates on the table.
3. 1. are. 2. is. 3. is. 4. are. 5. is. 6. are. 7. is. 8. are. 9. is. 10. is.
4. 1. bag. 2. dolls. 3. trees. 4. lake. 5. oranges. 6. fox. 7. boxes. 8. kiwi. 9. pupils. 10. wolf. 11. sweets. 12. photos.
5. 1. There isn’t a brown chair in my room. 2. There isn’t a map, three pictures and a clock on the wall. 3. There aren’t ten boys and nine girls in the classroom. 4. There aren’t many apples under the tree. 5. There isn’t a computer on the teacher’s table.
6. There isn’t a mirror on the wall. 7. There aren’t four boxes on the desk. 8. There aren’t many parks in our city. 9. There aren’t many animals in the forest. 10. There isn’t a phone, a pen and a book on my desk.
6. 1. Are there eleven desks in your classroom? 2. Is there one window in your room? 3. Are there five rooms in your flat? 4. Is there a cat and a dog in the classroom? 5. Are there five teachers at school? 6. Is there a blackboard and a map in the classroom?
7. Are there many toys in your room? 8. Is there a mirror in your room? 9. Is there a cup and a plate on your desk? 10. Are there four lamps and two windows in your classroom?
Модальный глагол MUST
1. 1. We must help our parents. 2. My mother must go to the office every day. 3. Children must drink milk every morning. 4. Pupils must write exercises every day. 5. Teachers must help pupils. 6. My sister must go to the doctor every week. 7. His friends must do morning exercises every day. 8. I must learn many English words every week. 9. My brother must go to bed at 10 o’clock in the evening. 10. Pupils must listen to their teacher.
2. 1. She mustn’t play computer games every day. 2. He mustn’t sleep in the classroom. 3. Pupils mustn’t run in the corridor.
4. We mustn’t eat many candies every day. 5. They mustn’t draw in the book. 6. You mustn’t ask many questions. 7. His dog mustn’t sleep in the bed. 8. Children mustn’t drink coffee every day.
9. She mustn’t smoke. 10. Pupils mustn’t watch TV at school.
3. 1. must. 2. mustn’t. 3. must. 4. mustn’t. 5. must. 6. mustn’t. 7. must. 8. must. 9. must. 10. mustn’t.
4. 1. Yes, they must. 2. Yes, I must. 3. Yes, she must. 4. Yes, they must. 5. Yes, she must.
5. We mustn’t run in the classroom. We mustn’t eat at the lesson. We must listen to the teacher. We mustn’t sit on the desks. We must do exercises. We must read texts. We mustn’t play computer games. We mustn’t write on the desks. We must behave well. We must be polite.
Модальный глагол MAY
1. 1. Robert may sit down. 2. Mark may be late. 3. Jack and Kate may be at school now. 4. Henry may answer the question.
5. Peter may go to the blackboard. 6. You may go home. 7. They may use the phone. 8. He may stay here. 9. Pupils may go for a walk. 10. She may take his bag.
2. 1. He may not help you. 2. It may not rain today. 3. They may not eat now. 4. Jack may not open the door. 5. He may not close the window. 6. We may not go to the park now. 7. Ann and Kate may not sit there. 8. John may not be at home now. 9. You may not write on the blackboard. 10. He may not stand up.
3. 1. May I invite my friends? Yes, you may. 2. May they take the books? Yes, they may. 3. May this lady use your phone? Yes, she may. 4. May we stay in the hall? Yes, you may. 5. May Ben help you? No, he may not. 6. May Bob sit down? Yes, he may. 7. May Linda ask a question? Yes, she may. 8. May Mark take your album? Yes, he may. 9. May Dennis be wrong? Yes, he may.
10. May your friend come later? No, he may not.

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